Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Holguin works to increase the production of coffee

This year coffee harvest un Holguin will be in charge of more than 200 workers who live in the areas of the Turquino Plan, and the support of students and professors who participate in the Plan the School to the Country, that will collect some 10,000 cans of the grain planned for this season in the region of Moa.

The brigades will work in the communities of farallones, Caimanes, Gran Tierra de Moa, El Colorado, La Redonda and calentura, where camps have been fitted for workers and students that will work in the 2010-2011 coffee harvest.

Parallel to the collection program, a group of workers involved in the coffee harvest during the year, will continue with the rehabilitation of the coffee and cocoa plantations in these settlements, as part of economic recovery being carried out in the mountainous regions, linked to the production of coffee and cocoa.

During the 1960s and 1970s, about 60,000 cans of coffee were collected each year in the mountains of Moa, a figure that decreased over the years, and now the highlanders collect no more than 10,000 cans, even when there is the so-called high season of coffee harvest.

According to the coffee growers of the region, the decrease of grain is essentially due to years of exploitation of the plantations, many of which already exceed six and seven decades. However, they have assured that with the current revival of the coffee plantations in Moa, production can increase.

The financial fare increase for each stockpiled can of coffee is undoubtedly an important incentive for producers in the territory, which are already highly motivated to both the coffee and with the results of other crops interspersed on coffee plantations.

Moa can reverse in three or four times the recent volume of coffee in the next five years, with the entry into production of rehabilitated areas, as stated by Luis Soler Real, a member of the Municipal Bureau of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC for its Spanish acronyms) in Moa, during a tour to areas of the Plan Turquino.

Tuesday, September 7, 2010

Nuclear war: a total holocaust

Although war is a term closely related to the history of mankind, no one can ever get used to it.

For some people, and unfortunately there are still many, war is the continuation of politics by other means. Why conflicts between countries or organized armed groups can not be solved by peaceful means?

The world has witnessed several holocausts. However, the one that could break out into a nuclear conflict, of which the Cuban leader Fidel Castro has been warning about, would become the last of the millennium for our species.

Fidel said he is trying to create an international force of persuasion to prevent the threat of war from being fulfilled, in reference to an American and Israeli attack against Iran, which would immediately turn into a global conflict that would escape the control of the warring countries.

We are not dealing with the fact that the weapons of many nations amount to no less than 20 000 nuclear artifacts capable of destroying our planet several times. Today the destructive power of the nuclear stocks is equivalent to more than 440 000 times the power of those used against Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The mistake lies in that there are very powerful individuals who imagine that they will be able to get rid of their opponents through such action and remain unhurt in order to "totally enjoy" the alleged victory, and I am speaking about capitalism.

War would bring fatal consequences to all people and countries of the world, or do they really believe that they will not suffer the consequences of war? They will also be sure targets.

This is without thinking that if they survive such a deadly explosion, the planet will turn into a cloud of dust, high temperatures and unbearable radiation, where no means of life will be possible.

It is necessary to stop this disturbed group, because then the true, real and regrettable end to the story will finally arrive.

The problem of the world peoples, billions of people, it to prevent the tragedy of a nuclear war, therefore, and given the seriousness of the perspectives facing humanity today, we must act with urgency.

Wednesday, September 1, 2010

Sixteen protected areas in Holguin

The Cuban province of Holguin has established 16 protected areas, linked to the achievement of an efficient nature conservation, floristic values, wildlife, history and culture associated with the environment.

The protected areas include the Pico Cristal National Park, created in 1930, covering an area of 18 000 537 hectáreas in the municipalities of Frank Pais and Mayari, in the mountainous region of Nipe - Sagua-Baracoa.

With more than 325 endemic species and nearly 50 of the flora of this area, stand on its heritage the woodland of Pinus cubensis and the Charrascal, besides fauna jewels in the area like the Cuban Solenodon, known here as the “Almiqui”.

The National Park La Mensura-Piloto, approved in 2008 and located in the Sierra de Nipe, in the municipality of Mayari, is also among the protected areas. It has about 8 486 hectares of pine forests, evergreens, secondary and galleries, high landscape value crossed by several rivers and streams. This area has registered more than 600 plant species, one third endemic of Cuba and 82 strict endemic in the region.

This area shelters some 325 species and subspecies of fauna, including 135 endemic, mainly mammals and birds, as the cartacuba, the real thrush, nightingale, black bird, tailed hawk, the parrot and tocororo .

Holguín administratively shares to the province of Guantánamo, sectors of the Melba, Farallones de Moa, Ojito de Agua and Alejandro de Humboldt Park, World Heritage Site since 2001.

Other protected areas with varying designations, categories and tasks are distributed across the rest of the territory of Holguin, including the bird’s corridor of Gibara and the wetland at the mouth of the Mayari river.